FVOP has developed a team of professionals dedicated to cost-effective drinking water treatment and distribution. We are experts and leaders in overseeing public water supplies, providing full-service water system operations for treatment and distribution.
Our treatment and distribution services include managing elevated storage towers, flushing hydrants, exercising valves, repairing watermain breaks, and making water service connections.
We also have staff with expertise in state-required water monitoring, including routine sampling and testing, as well as emergency water system monitoring.
Day-to-Day Drinking Water Treatment Processes
FVOP assists communities with water treatment processes, including well system operations, chemical treatment for disinfection and corrosion control, fluorination, full water filtration plant operations, as well as water transmission system operation.
FVOP also assists with state-required routine and emergency water treatment monitoring.
Community Water Distribution
FVOP assists communities with full water distribution system operations, such as elevated storage tank operation, well system pressure tank operation, hydrant flushing, valve exercising, watermain break repairs, water service taps, watermain locating (Miss Dig), distribution system material inventory (DSMI), lead and copper sampling, and all other required distribution system monitoring.
Operation and Maintenance of a Water Treatment Plant
FVOP helps communities with the operations and maintenance of water treatment plants. In addition to helping with day-to-day water treatment processes, FVOP experts also provide troubleshooting, and assist communities in staff hiring, training, and certification. Our management and oversight services also include providing certified operators and training our client’s staff to operate their plant efficiently.
Additional Water Treatment Services
- Hydraulics and process review and modeling: Hydraulics and process review and modeling assists with both day-to-day operations and future planning in water and sewer systems. FVOP can help municipalities in gathering crucial information to help them rank their infrastructure needs and decide how to allocate funds.
- Hydrogeologic investigations: Hydrogeologic investigations locate potential sites for development of an adequate quantity of good quality groundwater for a particular use, domestic, irrigation or industrial. FVOP can help protect your community from bad water supplies.
- Water reliability studies: F&V has assisted over 80 communities plan and perform water reliability studies, including water supply and treatment, water storage, and water distribution.
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Surface & Ground Water Treatment Systems
- Booster chlorination pump: A booster chlorination pump solves water quality problems by continuously dosing chlorine chemicals into water for disinfection purposes. FVOP can help you determine the chlorine dosage needed to maintain disinfection levels and minimize taste and odor issues.
- ClariCone: ClariCone leverages a unique cone shape and helical flow path to provide a smooth transition, as particles move upward to the solids contact zone of the cone, from rapid mixing to gentle mixing. With no moving parts, this type of water treatment uses the natural shape of the cone and the momentum of the incoming water to remove contaminants, rather than relying on mechanical motors. FVOP has decades of experience in this unique treatment process.
- Disinfection: Adding chlorine to drinking water supplies is the most common and relatively inexpensive method of disinfection. Chlorine effectively kills waterborne bacteria and viruses and continues to keep the water safe as it travels from the treatment plant to the consumer’s tap. FVOP can help you evaluate your chlorine dosage to address disinfection byproduct formation concerns.
- Fluoridation treatment: Water fluoridation is the process of adding fluoride to the water supply so the level reaches approximately 0.7 ppm, or 0.7 milligrams of fluoride per liter of water – the optimal level for preventing tooth decay. FVOP can closely monitor and control fluoridation rates to meet regulatory and American Dental Association guidelines.
- Iron removal: Removing iron requires identifying the type of iron present in the water supply – ferric, ferrous, or iron bacteria – in order to find the most effective way to remove or sequester the iron. One of the most popular and effective ways to eliminate ferrous iron is to convert it to ferric iron and then remove it from the water with oxidizing filters. FVOP can help optimize your chemical addition and filter operation.
- Laboratory certification: A certified drinking water laboratory is required to perform testing for regulated contaminants. Extensive quality control is needed to achieve and keep laboratory certification. FVOP can assist with starting up a certified laboratory or with renewing an existing certification by developing quality control procedures and training laboratory staff.
- Lime softening: Lime softening uses calcium hydroxide, or limewater, to soften water by removing calcium and magnesium ions. In this process, hydrated lime is added to the water to raise its pH level and precipitate the ions that cause hardness. FVOP can help with the operation and maintenance of the specialized equipment needed to perform this type of treatment.
- Membrane filtration / reverse osmosis: Membranes act as a barrier and are used to separate contaminants from water based on properties such as size or charge. Common membrane processes include microfiltration, ultrafiltration, nanofiltration, reverse osmosis, and electrodialysis. FVOP can help to optimize filter performance.
- Ozonation: Ozone water treatment begins with the creation of ozone in an ozone generator. Then, ozone is injected into water, and immediately starts oxidizing and eliminating contaminants, such as bacteria, viruses, and metals. FVOP can help you determine the necessary ozone dosage needed to inactivate microbial contamination.
- Sand filtration: Sand filtration is used for the removal of suspended matter. The water flows vertically through a fine bed of sand and/or gravel. Particles are removed by way of adsorption or physical encapsulation. When there is excessive head loss on the filter, it must be backwashed. FVOP can help to extend filter run times by adjusting chemical feed rates and processes upstream of the filters.
Water Distribution Systems Management
- Elevated storage: Elevated water storage tanks are used to store water for fire protection and potable drinking water within a designated area or community. Elevated tanks allow the natural force of gravity to produce consistent water pressure throughout the system. FVOP can help improve storage tank operation to minimize water quality issues and improve storage tank turnover to address ice formation.
- Booster stations: A booster station is a collection of booster pumps strategically located in a water distribution system. Pump stations work to maintain consistent pressure and provide adequate flow. These stations may also move water from reservoirs and water towers into the system. FVOP has experience operating booster pump stations for sequential or interconnected systems to maintain levels in multiple elevated tanks.
- Hydrants: Hydrants provide fire protection throughout the distribution system, and are also used to flush stagnant water or sediment out of the distribution system. FVOP can help develop written procedures for unidirectional flushing to obtain proper scouring velocity to improve sediment removal.
- Valves: There are a variety of watermain valves, and each are made with different purposes in mind. They are manufactured in different styles, and a variety of sizes. Valves are used to allow and restrict flows of water. FVOP can help develop a valve exercising program to improve system reliability.
- Meters: Water meters are used to measure water flow into individual homes or businesses. Master meters measure flow to wholesale customers, or in various zones of the distribution system. FVOP can help develop a consumer meter replacement program, and calibrate or maintain master meters.
- Cross Connection Control Program: A cross connection control program is needed to help protect the public water supply from accidental contamination. FVOP can help develop and administer a cross connection program, including ordinance updates, written procedures, forms, and inspections. FVOP can also help implement a residential cross connection control program.
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